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The National Assembly Futures Institute publishes reports that predict and analyze the changes in the future environment based on a comprehensive perspective, and derive mid- to long-term national development strategies in consideration of the preferences of the citizens
(National Assembly Collaborative Research Report) Research on Stage-by-Stage Renewable Energy Conflict Issues and Conflict Resolution Strategies

Date : 2023-12-31 item : National Assembly Collaborative Research Report P.I : Jeong Hoon

(National Assembly Collaborative Research Report) Research on Stage-by-Stage Renewable Energy Conflict Issues and Conflict Resolution Strategies

To mitigate climate change and achieve carbon neutrality, the world is expanding  renewable  energy,  leading  to  a  global  surge  in  its  adoption. Renewable energy is also emerging as a means of addressing energy crises, achieving energy security, and pre-empting new industries, and these roles are expected to continue expanding in the future. However, conflicts related to public acceptance, such as environmental and landscape impacts, are arising globally in the process of expanding renewable energy, acting as a major hindrance to its growth. 

In the Republic of Korea, conflicts related to public acceptance are also occurring in the process of installing renewable energy facilities, along with conflicts  related  to  grid  integration  due  to  regional  concentration  and insufficient  system  capacity.  Additionally,  conflicts  may  spread  in  the utilization  phase  due  to  increased  demand  for  renewable  energy  in  the industrial sector, driven by global carbon trade barriers such as the spread of RE100 and the introduction of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM).  Considering  the  importance  of  renewable  energy  in  achieving national carbon neutrality goals and enhancing industrial competitiveness, it is  necessary  to  prepare  proactive  response  measures  through  systematic analysis and consideration of these conflicts.

To this end, the National Assembly Futures Institute aims to comprehensively examine potential renewable energy conflict issues at each stage of deployment (power  generation),  transmission  and  distribution  (grid  integration),  and utilization  (consumption),  and  propose  institutional  measures  for  conflict response and management from a renewable energy activation perspective.

Through text mining analysis and focus group interviews (FGI) with experts, conflict issues at each stage of renewable energy were identified, and the points of contention, causes of conflict, and stakeholders were analyzed. The roles of the National Assembly and government in mitigating and resolving conflicts  were  considered.  A  survey  was  conducted  targeting  major stakeholders in domestic renewable energy conflicts, such as renewable energy power generation companies and RE100 participating companies, to investigate experiences and perceptions of conflicts and demand for related policies. Additionally, by referencing cases of conflict status and management systems in major foreign countries like Germany, Denmark, France, and Japan, three institutional measures for responding to renewable energy conflicts were proposed:

①  Establishing  a  professional  conflict  mediation  body  for  systematic conflict management

② Improving the systematic nature of renewable energy policies

③ Introducing public discourse procedures in the energy policy-making process to prevent conflicts