Congressional think tank designing
national future strategies

Future Research

[20-1] Exploratory research to enhance preparedness for future climate change impacts
Exploratory research to enhance preparedness for future climate change impacts Climate change is regarded as one of the major threats to human society, and highlights the need to devise national and regional strategies to strengthen our resilience to potentially devastating future climate change impacts. The impacts from climate change were classified into four areas (ecology, settlement conditions, energy, society), and we collected risk factors from the literature. This study analyzed Korea’s climate change preparedness in each of the administrative or legislative policy and research sectors. We gathered written information such as research papers or reports, press releases, and legislative notices with which we carried out text analysis including keyword extraction and topic analysis. Comparing the risk factors with the quantities of the corresponding documents, we were able to identify areas that were comparatively less prepared (movement of species, transportation system, stability of energy supply, health policy) for future risks from climate change. We organized seminars on these areas to share information on research and policy trends and to discuss the gaps in legislative or administrative policies to be filled to enhance preparedness for future climate change impacts. This study incorporated the discussion results from the seminars to suggest a policy agenda which requires further development

2020.12.31

Future Research

[20-2] A Study of Korea’s Happiness Map:Examining Regional Contexts
The purpose of this study is to examine regional conditions related to happiness and derive policy implications, in order to enhance Koreans’ capacity for happiness. This study was carried out through the following steps. First, we presented a system of happiness indicators to aid in the understanding of the multidimensional concept of happiness. We also introduced an evaluation index that examines happiness levels. We then gathered opinions from experts on the happiness indicator system established in 2019 to measure happiness in South Korea. Second, a happiness map of Korea was created through the establishment of public statistical data and integrated analysis methods. Spatial analysis showed that spatial correlation was relatively large in the proportion of green space, pollution, Basic Living Security recipients, leisure welfare facilities for older adults, and cultural infrastructure. In other words, these indicators tend to be concentrated around a particular region; there are regional differences because the indicators have a deep connection with neighboring regions, and therefore form clusters. Third, local case studies were conducted to derive happiness strategies within a regional context. Various local researchers provided case studies focusing on specific policies regarding the quality of life and well-being of local residents. This study proposes implications for a happiness measurement methodology and measures to enhance happiness as a future strategy. Through this study, we hope that the 2019 happiness indicator system will become more objective and create synergies in the area of happiness research suitable for local contexts, through collaboration with research institutes at the municipal and provincial level.

2020.12.31

Future Research

[20-03] A Study on the Establishment of a Monitoring System to Ensure a Sustainable Future
This study proposes a methodological framework for comprehensively diagnosing and analyzing future environmental response capabilities by establishing strategies for addressing environmental changes as well as an indicator system to monitor these responses. Specifically, through in-depth expert interviews and Delphi surveys, we established an indicator system to monitor whether our society is taking the necessary steps to respond to environmental challenges. Furthermore, we derived policy implications for the betterment of society by eliciting and empirically analyzing key indicators. For example, if the aim is to build a healthy super-aged society, it is necessary to monitor the ‘healthy lifespan’ indicator. In working to establish a zero-carbon society and green infrastructure, the ‘national greenhouse gas emissions’ indicators should be studied. To transition to an innovative economy, it is necessary to examine the ‘R&D cost versus GDP’ indicator. The indicator system derived through this study will be developed further through follow-up research, and we will seek more specific monitoring measures by linking the indicator system to the government's mid-to-long-term plans. Through this ongoing research, we hope to devise practical measures for establishing and operating a reliable future monitoring indicator system based on long-term vision, core strategies, and government mid-to-long-term monitoring indicator systems.

2020.12.31

Future Research

[National Future Strategy Insight] One Year with COVID-19: How Did People’s Lives Change? No. 12
Associate Research Fellow Heo Jong-ho investigated the changes that came to the Korean people in terms of “Changes in jobs and income,” “Changes in family relationships,” “Changes in the awareness of value and actions related to infectious disease prevention and control,” and “Changes in health.” The findings identified the damage experienced by the people from COVID-19, especially by the vulnerable groups. It predicted that if the pandemic is to go on, there will be greater socioeconomic inequality. In terms of “Changes in jobs and income,” among the respondents aged 20 and over, 5.5% experienced a change in jobs such as layoffs or closures of business. Among the 5.5%, 55.6% were female and 44.4% were male. Of the total respondents, 19.6% answered that their income decreased, and the amount of decrease of monthly income was KRW 795,000 on average. Although 88.2% of employees (who receive income from an employer) did not experience a decrease in income, 61.2% of those who were self-employed responded that their incomes decreased, and 9.7% of self-employed responded that their monthly incomes decreased by at least KRW one million in average. In terms of “Changes in family relationships,” 14.8% of the respondents said that their family relationships became better after COVID-19. However, for households in Seoul metropolitan area, public assistance recipient households, and one-person households, family relationships became worse rather than becoming better. For “Changes in the awareness of value and actions related to infectious disease prevention and control,” 69% of the respondents agreed that it is necessary to sacrifice some aspects of daily life to prevent the spread of the virus. Among the respondents, 55% agreed that those who were infected with the virus were at fault for being so, and 63.2% agreed that it is necessary to disclose information on the movements of those confirmed to have the virus. The percentages of those living in Seoul metropolitan area who agreed with the three statements were approximately 3%-7% lower than those of those not living in Seoul metropolitan area. For “Changes in health,” 16.6% of the respondents said that they became healthier after COVID-19. It was also noted that the percentage of one-person households who took action to stay healthy was approximately 1%-5% lower than that of other households. The percentage of females who are at high risk of depression was 10% lower than that of males, 19% of the respondents aged 20 and older said that they reduced smoking, whereas 6.9% responded that they smoked even more. Smoking was reduced more for females than for males (Male 18.6% vs. Female 24.2%). Of the respondents, 13.0% answered that they reduced drinking by 1.6 times a week on average. The percentage of males who responded that they reduced drinking was 2.5 times greater than that of females, and 22.0% of those aged 20 and over responded that they reduced drinking. The study was conducted by the research team of the National Assembly Futures Institute last year, and was based on the responses related to COVID-19 in the “Survey of Happiness of the Korean People” conducted on 14,000 males and females aged 15 and over from all around the country. Dr. Heo stated that “at an international level, the numbers suggest that Koreans are relatively less miserable, but the results still pointed to the serious impact from COVID-19 that hit vulnerable groups the hardest. Also, there is concern regarding potential greater socioeconomic inequality,” and advised that “there should be evidence-based policies for not only infectious disease prevention and control, but also regarding socioeconomic inequalities that stem from COVID-19.”

2021.02.16

Future Research

[National Future Strategy Insight] An Investigation into and Future Challenges regarding Education Policies to Expand Psychological and Social Capital, No. 11
[National Future Strategy Insight] An Investigation into and Future Challenges regarding Education Policies to Expand Psychological and Social Capital, No. 11 Associate Research Fellow Sung Moon-ju presented challenges related to education policies to expand “psychological capital,” healthy and positive psychological states of individuals, and “social capital,” intangible capital that comes from the social relationships between people and lead to individual or public benefits in her report. After identifying the current levels of psychological and social capitals of the members of society, it was found that it is necessary to improve the levels of both types of capital. Particularly, levels of resilience, participation and networking, and public trust were especially low, and so it was concluded that these levels must be significantly improved. In terms of the low-income, it was found that the state must actively intervene to improve the levels of psychological and social capitals. The role of university education to expand psychological and social capitals also needed to be strengthened. Based on these findings, the report listed the following challenges in relation to education policies: implementation of various types of evaluation methods and evaluation criteria for elementary and middle school education, and the separation of student evaluation at the classroom level and at the national level; increase of the opportunities for students to participate in developing national elementary and middle school education curricula and decision making processes of schools in terms of the education curriculum; development of a program to improve the level of psychological capital for university students at the university level; increase of the accessibility and the number of programs for adults to improve resilience; and establishment of an education organization that strengthens intangible social learning. Dr. Sung stated that “in order to achieve the national goal of securing national competitiveness and improving the quality of life of the citizens with innovative growth, there must be a greater perspective on capital,” and added that “to expand the capitals that come from human capabilities, it is necessary to comprehensively consider not only human capital, but also psychological and social capital and find a balance among them. This will make it possible to achieve the country’s goals.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2021.01.20

Future Research

[National Future Strategy Insight] A Survey on the Future Values of Koreans, No. 10
Min Bo-gyeong, the head of the Quality of Life Group, conducted a “Survey on the Future Values of Koreans” to identify the values of younger Korean generations and predict the future Korean society. According to the National Future Strategy Insight No. 10, most of the participants predicted that the future will be hopeful, but the level of happiness of individuals will be similar to the one in the present. It was found that the elderly and low-income groups had a less hopeful outlook for the future. Although the participants expected that the future will be fairer than the present, they also expected that there will still be serious conflicts. Accordingly, it was highlighted that there must be preemptive measures to address potential future conflicts. In terms of comparison and analysis among different generations, it was found that younger generations considered leisure to be more important than older generations, and they also had less of a sense of duty regarding work. In addition, younger generations preferred a more autonomous and fulfilling life, and considered new challenges important. Lastly, younger generations were highly accepting towards new ideas about the family and scientific technology such as companion animals and human robots. Accordingly, future strategies should take into account these characteristics. For the “Survey on the Future Values of Koreans,” the research team of the National Assembly Futures Institute defined younger generation to be those currently in their teens and twenties. These findings were based on a survey of 5,321 men and women aged 13 and over living in Korea as of 2020 to identify implications for future policies. Dr. Min stated that “in order to derive national future strategies that define and realize a harmonious common idea of the future that reflects the various values of the citizens, there must be an understanding of the values of the citizens,” and explained that “this study helps to detect and predict the trend of values by conducting a survey on future values, and was designed to predict potential future issues and the future Korean society, and to fulfill the values of younger generations who are different from older generations.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2021.01.07

News Release

National Assembly Futures Institute hosts the 'Circular Economy Forum for Green Transition'
National Assembly Futures Institute hosts the 'Circular Economy Forum for Green Transition' - Suggesting Direction and Strategies of Circular Economy For Green Transition - The National Assembly Futures Institute(President, Kim Hyun Gon) will host the 'Circular Economy Forum For Green Transition' at Project Room A, Glad Yeouido Hotel on October 29 at 2:00 pm. This event will be co-hosted by the National Assembly Futures Institute, National Assembly Citizen Politics Forum, member of the National Assembly Lee Yong Sun, and the Korea Environment Institute, (KEI). It is expected to serve as a venue for discussion on the implementation of a circular economy that pursues sustainability through resource productivity improvement, resource sharing and cooperative acquisitions amid the growing attention to "coexistence with the environment" as the world suffers from COVID-19 and the climate crisis etc. The forum consists of presentations by four experts and designated discussions, and the presenters give a presentation on the industrial, local governments' and consumer strategies under the theme of diagnosing national circular economy and future vision. In the designated discussion, discussions will be made from various perspectives on “the circular economy direction and strategy for a green transition” as an extension of the presentation. Associate research fellow of the NAFI Kim Eun-Ah will share the result of task on the “urban strategy for promoting transition to a circular economy society". Kim Hyun Gon, the president of National Assembly Future Research Institute, emphasized that "through the forum, we would diagnose the role and status of the circular economy for green transition and discuss implementation strategies to contribute to the establishment of policy direction in the future."

2020.10.27

News Release

National Assembly Futures Institute co-hosted ‘National Quality of Life Measurement Forum'
National Assembly Futures Institute co-hosted ‘National Quality of Life Measurement Forum' - share the current status of national quality of life & discuss quality of life in the youth The National Assembly Futures Institute (President Kim Hyun-Gon) will co-hold the '6th National Quality of Life Measurement Forum' as online event on June 25 (Thur.) with Statics Korea (Commissioner Kang Shin-Wook) and the Korean Quality of Life Association (Chairman Han Jun). The 'National Quality of Life Measurement Forum' organized by Statics Korea·Statics Research Institute is a place where government agencies, research institutes, and academia participate to share research experiences and expertise related to quality of life measurement and application in policies, and has been held regularly since 2015. The theme of this forum is 'Current Status of Quality of Life in Korea and the Quality of Life in Youth'. In the first session, the current status of the quality of life in Korea is shared through international and regional comparisons, and method of application of these in policy is discussed. In the second session, the current status of quality of life in youth and how to measure it will be discussed. Recently, the society has emphasized the improvement of quality of life experienced by the people, and the necessities of detailed measurement on quality of life and application in policies have been raised. It is necessary to derive policy implications and improvement tasks cross country studies on quality of life and analysis of current status on in Korea. In addition, we need to come up with an effective plan to measure the quality of life in youth and design a policy to improve the quality of life in the youth through an analysis on the actual condition of the housing and labor of the youth etc. This forum will be held online due to the COVID-19. Anyone can participate in this online forum in real-time on the website of the 6th National Quality of Life Measurement Forum (http://www.kostatforum.kr). End. 【Attachment 1】 Outline of The 6th National Quality of Life Measurement Forum 【Attachment 2】 Summary of Presentation for The 6th National Quality of Life Measurement Forum Attachment 1 Outline of the Forum □ Purpose ○ Deriving policy implications cross country studies on quality of life and analysis of current status in Korea, and seeking ways to utilize them ○ Deducting of the political implication to measure the quality of life in youth and improve the quality of life in the youth through analysis on the actual condition of the housing and labor of the youth etc. □ Topic : current status of quality of life in Korea & quality of life in youth □ Date : at 13:40∼18:00 on June 25 (Thur.), 2020 □ Host : Statics Korea Statics Research Institute, the Korean Quality of Life Association, National Assembly Futures Institute □ How to participate : participate in real-time on the website (http://www.kostatforum.kr). □ Program Schedule time topic and contents of presentation presenter & chairman 13:40∼13:50 opening speech (10’) Commissioner of Statics Korea, Kang Shin-Wook 13:50~14:00 congratulatory remarks (10’) president of the NAFI Kim Hyun-Gon Chairman of Korean Quality of Life Association Han Jun 14:00∼14:20 keynote speech (20’) - implementing inclusive nation through revolution on quality of life - chairman of the board of the NRC Seong Kyeong-Ryung session 1 Current Status of Quality of Life in Korea chaired by : Prof. Han Jun 14:30~16:10 ‣Korea's happiness index from cross country studies (20’) Prof. Park Myung-Ho(Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ‣Korea Happiness Map 1.0 Composition and Policy Implication (20’) Pro. Koo Kyo-Jun(Korea University) ‣Current Status of National Quality of Life Index Measurement Deputy Director Shim Soo-Jin(Statics Research Institute) ‣comprehensive discussion(40’) Research Fellow Jeong Hae-Sik (Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs) Associate Research Fellow Huh Jong-Ho (National Assembly Futures Institute) session 2 Current Status of Quality of Life in the Youth & How to Measure it Chaired by : Director Jeon Young-Il 16:20∼18:00 ‣analyzing the gap in quality of life in the youth (20’) Dr. Byeon Geum-Seon (National Youth Policy Institute ) ‣analyzing the housing reality in the youth by household type(20’) Dr. Park Mi-Seon (Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements) ‣reality of employment and living in the youth (20’) Dr. Kim Yoo-Bin (the Korea Labor Institute) ‣comprehensive discussion(40’) Prof. Jung In-Kwan (Soongsil Uni.) Assistant Research Fellow Park Gi-Tae (National Assembly Futures Institute) Attachment 2 Summary of Presentation <Keynote Lecture> Revolution on Quality of Life & Implementing Inclusive Nation (Chairman of the board of the NRC Seong Kyeong-Ryung) □ Reality in Korea ◦ Deterioration in quality of life (life satisfaction, social support, air pollution in the 2018 OECD BLI), declining fertility rates, natural decrease in populations, declining happiness, and increasing suicide rates □ Policy shift to realize an inclusive nation and an innovative economy ◦ Tax and finance, social security, employment, and innovation policies are required ◦ Social dialogue and inclusive leadership are necessary for the transition to an inclusive nation and an innovative economy. <Session 1> Current Status of Quality of Life in Korea □ (Korea's happiness index from cross country studies; Professor of Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Park Myung-Ho) Preparing happiness index including factors such as social inequality and polarization, and analyzing factors that determine happiness in Korea from cross country studies ◦ preparing a new happiness indicator composed of positive and negative factors ◦ establishing a happiness index system and analyzing factors affecting the level of happiness in Korea from cross country studies with OECD members and other countries similar to Korea. □ (Korea Happiness Map 1.0 Composition and Policy Implications, Professor of Korea University Koo Kyo-Jun) Creating a happiness map by deriving the national happiness index by region, and sharing the analysis results on happiness inequality ◦ introduction of methodology for deriving the national happiness index ◦ presenting a national happiness map by region and area* of Korea * health, safety, environment, economy, education, relationship and social participation, leisure, life satisfaction ◦ introduction of analysis results on inequality and difference in happiness □ (Current Status of National Quality of Life Index Measurement, Deputy Director of Statics Research Institute Shim Soo-Jin) Introducing the current status of the “National Quality of Life Index” being prepared by the Statics Research Institute, as well as the index reorganization and preparation result of “How's Life? 2020” ◦ presenting backgrounds to preparing the quality of life index, index reformation and measurement results ◦ presenting an index reformation direction of OECD “How's Life? 2020” and a result for Korea ◦ deducing implications by comparing the national quality of life index with the OECD index <Session 2> Current Status of Quality of Life in the Youth & How to Measure it □ (Gap in the quality of life among the youth, Associate Research Fellow of the National Youth Policy Institute Byeon Geum-Seon, ) Analyzing the factors that determine the risk of multiple gaps in quality of life and introducing the issues of measuring the quality of life in the youth by using a study of youth socio-economic reality. ◦ measuring the quality of life in six areas including economy and health by using a study of youth socio-economic reality 2017 ◦ analyzing the factors that determine the risk of multiple gaps by demographic characteristics, and introducing the issues of measuring the quality of life in the youth □ (Analysis of housing reality in the youth by household type, Research Fellow of the Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements Park Mi-Seon) Studying changes in conditions surrounding housing and analyzing housing reality in the youth by household type such as single-person households, couple households, cohabiting couple households and other cohabiting couple households ◦ raising housing issues for the youth according to the changes in social conditions ◦ analyzing the actual condition of housing type and occupancy type, residential area consumption, and housing cost burden by household type of the youth □ (Job and Living Conditions of the Youth, Research Fellow of the Korea Labor Institute Kim Yoo-Bin) Examining the current status of youth employment through the Economic Activity Census, and suggesting plans for future youth policies ◦ presenting reality of the youth job such as the employment status of the youth and the effects of employment ripple etc. ◦ suggesting future direction of youth policy including employment measures for the youth\

2020.06.25

News Release

National Assembly Futures Institute held an inauguration ceremony for its 2nd president (on June 1)
National Assembly Futures Institute held an inauguration ceremony for its 2nd president (on June 1) president Kim Hyun Gon committed to doing the best to be a think tank of the National Assembly that systematically prepares for the future of the nation with a long-term perspective National Assembly Futures Institute(president Kim Hyun Gon) held an inauguration ceremony at the first seminar room of the National Assembly Building at 11 a.m. on June 1. In his inauguration address, President Kim Hyun-Gon, who took office on the day, stressed that the NAFI would make efforts to establish the role of the institution in accordance with the purpose of establishing the institution under Article 1 of the 「National Assembly Futures Institute Act」. According to the Article 1 of the 「National Assembly Futures Institute Act」, the NAFI is established with the aims of reinforcing the National Assembly's policy capabilities and contributing to national development by predicting and analyzing changes in the future environment and deriving mid- to long-term national development strategies. President Kim identifies the NAFI as a valuable 'national future research institute belonging to the National Assembly', and stresses that he would do his best to establish the role of the NAFI as a 'think tank of the National Assembly that systematically and professionally designs and prepares for the future of the nation with a long-term perspective'. For these, President Kim commits to continue open, two-way communication and cooperation with the National Assembly, the government, and the public that are the three major clients of the NAFI, so that the research results produced by the institute can be reflected in government policies through the legislation in the National Assembly and gain public approval and acceptance. At the inauguration ceremony, Deputy Secretary-General for Legislative Affairs Han Gong-Sik, the Deputy Secretary-General of the National Assembly Kim Seung-Gi and first board members were in attendance, while Secretary-General of the National Assembly Yoo In-Tae and the first Chairman of the board of directors of the NAFI Kim Sun-Wook made a congratulatory speech. The farewell ceremony was also held for the former President Park Jin and appreciation plaques were awarded to the first board members. In accordance with the「National Assembly Futures Institute Act」, the board of directors of the NAFI began public recruitment for the position of second president from last March and recommended multiple candidates to the Speaker of the National Assembly at the end of March after reviewing documents and interviews. In accordance with the same act, former Speaker of the National Assembly Moon Hee-Sang requested the consent to the appointment of the candidate to the House Steering Committee, and the House Steering Committee unanimously approved the appointment at the plenary meeting on May 20. The Speaker Moon Hee-Sang, handed over Kim Hyun-Gon a certificate of appointment for the second president of the National Assembly Futures Institute at the Speaker's office on May 27 (Wed.), accordingly, President Kim's term of office started from May 30. The new president, Kim Hyun-Gon, completed his BA in Economics and Master of Business Administration from Seoul National University and a Ph.D. in Management Engineering from University of Tsukuba in Japan. President Kim served as vice-president at the National Information Society Agency, the president of Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, a collaboration professor in the Department of Science and Technology Policy at Hanyang University and vice president of the Korea Association for Future Studies. He excels in operating institute as well as in future studies. The term of President Kim is for four years and ends on May 29, 2024 with the dissolution of the 21st National Assembly. <End> 【contact for inquiries】 - inquiry for the report : principal administrator Kim Byeong-Soo (02-788-3925) : administrator Kim Yeo-Joo (02-2224-9821) 【Reference Pictures】 ※ Picture 1 : Group Picture ※ Picture 2 : president Kim Hyun-Gon is giving an inauguration speech ※ Picture 3 : secretary-General of the National Assembly Yoo In-Tae is giving an congratulatory remarks ※ Picture 4 : Chairman of the board of directors of the NAFI Kim Sun-Wook (in the middle), the first president of the NAFI Park Jin (left) and the second president of the NAFI Kim Hyun-Gon ※ photo 5: first president of the NAFI Park Jin who received an appreciation plaque (left)

2020.06.01

News Release

Kim Hyun Gon, is appointed as the 2nd president of the National Assembly Futures Institute
Kim Hyun Gon, is appointed as the 2nd president of the National Assembly Futures Institute Speaker Moon Hee-Sang appoints Kim Hyun-Gon as the president of the NAIF after going through consent of the House Steering Committee The Speaker of the National Assembly Moon Hee-Sang, handed over a certificate of appointment for the second president of the National Assembly Futures Institute at the Speaker's office at 10:30 am on May 27 (Wed.). The Speaker Moon Hee-Sang appointed Kim Hyun-Gon, the CEO of the Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, as the second president of the NAFI. In accordance with the 「National Assembly Futures Institute Act」, the Board of Directors of the NAFI (Chairman Kim Sun-Wook) openly advertised for the president of the NAFI on major daily newspapers in March, and then conducted document screening and interviews to recommend multiple director candidates to Chairman Moon. Chairman Moon nominated a candidate for the president in April and requested the House Steering Committee to agree on the appointment, and the House Steering Committee unanimously decided on a motion to appoint the candidate Kim Hyun Gon at the plenary meeting on May 20. The new president, Kim Hyun-Gon, completed his BA in Economics and Master of Business Administration from Seoul National University and a Ph.D. in Management Engineering from University of Tsukuba in Japan. Before President Kim worked as vice-president at the National Information Society Agency, he joined the Korea Information Society Development Institute (KISDI), and currently serves as the president of Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation. In addition, President Kim has been conducting academic research on the future while serving as a collaboration professor in the Department of Science and Technology Policy at Hanyang University and vice president of the Korea Association for Future Studies. As the term of the first President of the NAFI (President Park Jin) ends with the 20th National Assembly, President Kim's term will begin on May 30, the opening date of the 21st National Assembly. The farewell and inauguration ceremony of the president of the future research institute is scheduled to be held in the first seminar room of the National Assembly Hall at 11:00 am on June 1 (Mon). <End> [Reference] Profile of Kim Hyun-Gon, the 2nd President of the NAFI Name (age) Education Work Experience Kim Hyun Gon born on the 8th of June, 1961 / 58 years old •’90~’96 Ph.D in Management Engineering at Uni. of Tsukuba, Japan •’84~’86 MBA at Seoul National University •’80~’84 Bachelor of Economics at Seoul National University •’77~’80 Junju High School •’19.1~present: president of Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation •‘18~‘19 collaboration professor in the Department of Science and Technology Policy at Hanyang University •’96~’18 worked for the National Information Society Agency, (team leader of future strategy TF, head of national information planning group, vice chief and chief of big data strategy research center) •‘86~‘90 assistant research fellow of KISDI •’16~present: vice president of KAFS •’16~present: chief of information subcommittee, self evaluation committee of the ministry of justice 【contact for inquiries】 - inquiry for the report : principal administrator Kim Byoung-Soo (02-788-3925) : administrator Kim Yeo-Ju (02-2224-9821)

2020.05.27

News Release

National Assembly Futures Institute successfully held its 2nd anniversary celebration
National Assembly Futures Institute successfully held its 2nd anniversary celebration Speaker Moon Hee Sang said, “I hope that the NAFI become 'a platform for the National Assembly preparing for the future ‘ National Assembly Futures Institute(President Park Jin) held its 2nd anniversary celebration at the 2nd Meeting Room at the National Assembly Building at 10:00 am on May 26, 2020. At the celebration, the Speaker Moon Hee-sang said, “With my retirement ahead, it is very meaningful to me to see the 2nd anniversary of the NAFI, which will become 'a platform for the National Assembly preparing for the future'. And I look forward to the NAFI will continue to grow and carry out great mission to increase its responsiveness of the future.” The Speaker Moon also added, “The 20th National Assembly will end this week. The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea is assigned to collect various opinions from the Korean society and resolve conflicts. The 21st National Assembly should show its competence and results through hard work. Through this, we must restore the public trust and prepare for the future of national unity.” At the celebration, Speaker Moon Hee-sang awarded special meritorious plaques to the former Speakers of the National Assembly Jung Eui-Hwa and Jung Se-Kyun for contribution to the establishment of the NAFI. Meritorious plaques were awarded to the former Chairman of the House Steering Committee Jung Woo-Taek, a former executive member Park Hong-Geun, a former executive member Kim Seon-Dong, a former executive member Kwon Eun-Hee, the former Secretary-General of the 19th National Assembly Park Hyung-Jun and the former Secretary-General of the 20th National Assembly Kim Kyo-Heung. In addition, the Speaker Moon Hee-Sang awarded appreciation plaque to a head of the Preparatory Committee on the Establishment of NAFI Cho Dong-Sung (currently the President of Incheon National University) and the President of the NAFI Park Jin awarded appreciation plaques to other National Assembly members including Won Hye-Young, Kim Se-Yeon, Lee Won-Wook, Jung Yang-Seok, Lee Hye-Hoon etc. The floor leader of the United Future Party Joo Ho-Young and a number of National Assembly members including Won Hye-Young, Lee Hye-Hoon, Lee Won-Wook, Jung Yang-Seok, Kim Seon-Dong, Park Hong-Geun, Kwon Eun-Hee etc. were in attendance, while former Speakers Jung Eui-Hwa and Jung Se-Kyun delivered congratulatory messages. Also the Secretary-General of the National Assembly Yoo In-Tae, Deputy Secretary-General for Legislative Affairs Han Gong-Sik, Deputy Secretary-General of the National Assembly Kim Seung-Gi, former Secretary-Generals of the National Assembly Park Hyung-Jun and Kim Kyo-Heung, and president of Incheon National University Cho Dong-Sung etc. attended to the event. <End> 【contact for inquiries】 - inquiry for the report : principal administrator Kim Byeong-Soo (02-788-3925) : administrator Kim Yeo-Joo (02-2224-9821) 【Reference photo】 ※ photo 1 : Speaker Moon Hee-Sang gives words of encouragement ※ photo 2 : assistant administrator Park Hong-Geun awards speaker Moon Hee-Sang meritorious plaque ※ photo 3: speaker Moon Hee-Sang and members of the national assembly pledge allegiance to the nation ※ photo 4 : group photo at the 2nd anniversary of the NAFI ※ photo 5 : Chairman of the Board of the NAFI Kim Seon-Wook gives opening speech ※ photo 6 : president of the NAFI Park Jin gives a presentation on performance of the researches ※ photo 7 : participants suggest opinions for National Assembly Futures Institute

2020.05.26

Research Report

[20-1] Exploratory research to enhance preparedness for future climate change impacts
P.I : Kim Eun-ah et al.

Exploratory research to enhance preparedness for future climate change impacts Climate change is regarded as one of the major threats to human society, and highlights the need to devise national and regional strategies to strengthen our resilience to potentially devastating future climate change impacts. The impacts from climate change were classified into four areas (ecology, settlement conditions, energy, society), and we collected risk factors from the literature. This study analyzed Korea’s climate change preparedness in each of the administrative or legislative policy and research sectors. We gathered written information such as research papers or reports, press releases, and legislative notices with which we carried out text analysis including keyword extraction and topic analysis. Comparing the risk factors with the quantities of the corresponding documents, we were able to identify areas that were comparatively less prepared (movement of species, transportation system, stability of energy supply, health policy) for future risks from climate change. We organized seminars on these areas to share information on research and policy trends and to discuss the gaps in legislative or administrative policies to be filled to enhance preparedness for future climate change impacts. This study incorporated the discussion results from the seminars to suggest a policy agenda which requires further development

2020-12-31
[20-2] A Study of Korea’s Happiness Map:Examining Regional Contexts
P.I : Min Bo-gyeong et al.

The purpose of this study is to examine regional conditions related to happiness and derive policy implications, in order to enhance Koreans’ capacity for happiness. This study was carried out through the following steps. First, we presented a system of happiness indicators to aid in the understanding of the multidimensional concept of happiness. We also introduced an evaluation index that examines happiness levels. We then gathered opinions from experts on the happiness indicator system established in 2019 to measure happiness in South Korea. Second, a happiness map of Korea was created through the establishment of public statistical data and integrated analysis methods. Spatial analysis showed that spatial correlation was relatively large in the proportion of green space, pollution, Basic Living Security recipients, leisure welfare facilities for older adults, and cultural infrastructure. In other words, these indicators tend to be concentrated around a particular region; there are regional differences because the indicators have a deep connection with neighboring regions, and therefore form clusters. Third, local case studies were conducted to derive happiness strategies within a regional context. Various local researchers provided case studies focusing on specific policies regarding the quality of life and well-being of local residents. This study proposes implications for a happiness measurement methodology and measures to enhance happiness as a future strategy. Through this study, we hope that the 2019 happiness indicator system will become more objective and create synergies in the area of happiness research suitable for local contexts, through collaboration with research institutes at the municipal and provincial level.

2020-12-31
[20-03] A Study on the Establishment of a Monitoring System to Ensure a Sustainable Future
P.I : Min Bo-gyeong et al.

This study proposes a methodological framework for comprehensively diagnosing and analyzing future environmental response capabilities by establishing strategies for addressing environmental changes as well as an indicator system to monitor these responses. Specifically, through in-depth expert interviews and Delphi surveys, we established an indicator system to monitor whether our society is taking the necessary steps to respond to environmental challenges. Furthermore, we derived policy implications for the betterment of society by eliciting and empirically analyzing key indicators. For example, if the aim is to build a healthy super-aged society, it is necessary to monitor the ‘healthy lifespan’ indicator. In working to establish a zero-carbon society and green infrastructure, the ‘national greenhouse gas emissions’ indicators should be studied. To transition to an innovative economy, it is necessary to examine the ‘R&D cost versus GDP’ indicator. The indicator system derived through this study will be developed further through follow-up research, and we will seek more specific monitoring measures by linking the indicator system to the government's mid-to-long-term plans. Through this ongoing research, we hope to devise practical measures for establishing and operating a reliable future monitoring indicator system based on long-term vision, core strategies, and government mid-to-long-term monitoring indicator systems.

2020-12-31
[20-04] A Study on the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Social Policy Financing: Focusing on Social Cost Estimation
P.I : Lee Chae-jeong et al.

In the era of the fourth industrial revolution, many predict that innovation caused by the development of artificial intelligence and robotics will replace not only human physical labor, but also a large share of knowledge labor. Accordingly, studies have been conducted that analyzed the size and aspects of job replacement caused by innovation stemming from the fourth industrial revolution. In fact, around us today we often see technology replacing everyday human tasks. For example, many restaurants have installed kiosks for ordering and payment, and self-driving cars have emerged. The current social security system is designed under the premise of human labor. Tax and social insurance premiums are set based on earned income. A basic principle in determining whether a person needs to receive social assistance due to a low income is the question of whether or not he or she is unable to participate in the labor market based on socially accepted reasons such as sickness, disability, lack of ability to work, etc. If job replacement occurs due to technological innovation by the Fourth Industrial Revolution, jobs will be replaced by technology regardless of individual effort or will, and the principle of the social security system will be dismantled. The study examines the manner in which job replacement caused by Fourth Industrial Revolution innovations affects the maintenance of the current social security system. We estimated the cost of increasing public assistance to the poor, which is increased by job replacement, and the cost of reducing labor income tax and social insurance premium income caused by job replacement. In other words, we estimate the social costs of job replacement caused by technological innovation. In addition, the relationship between the perception of individual households by economic conditions and the perception of reduced earned income by job replacement, and life satisfaction were analyzed, respectively. According to the analysis, poverty costs increase by 42 to 54 %, income tax revenue decreases by 45 to 57 %, and social insurance income decreases by 10 to 16 %. On the other hand, if the level of assets and income is low and households' economic status is perceived negatively, disposable income will also be greatly reduced due to job replacement. In addition, the subjective outlook for quality of life in five years is lower for households with large declines in disposable income due to job replacement, but higher asset levels do not significantly affect the outlook for quality of life. This suggests that the reduction in state revenue due to job replacement negatively affects the maintenance of the current social security system, and income polarization can be exacerbated by job losses and reduced wages. This study is expected to contribute to specific and effective discussions on which kind of policy and legislative alternatives should be considered to prepare social security systems in the fourth industrial revolution to ease polarization of Korean society. Based on this study, Korean society needs to find ways to actively respond to changes in the labor market and minimize social shocks caused by innovation.

2020-12-31
[20-06] Analysis of strategies and case studies on regional circular economies
P.I : Kim Eun-ah, Min Bo-gyeong

The circular economy has emerged as a sustainable and innovative conceptthat replaces the traditional linear economy characterized by itstake-make-dispose flow of materials. This study analyzed case studies onregional circular economies in various areas to extract the common factors inthe strategies of making a transition to a circular economy. We inductivelydeveloped the conceptual framework of “transition strategy of circulareconomy” based on these initial analyses with a special focus on theEuropean countries, and modified the framework iteratively when additionalcase studies were introduced. The framework consisted of the natural andsocio-economic environment of a target region, drivers for transition to acircular economy, transition strategies, and social foundation. We built astructured database (DB) using this framework and the information from eachcase study was reorganized as input data. We also developed a “wheel model”to visualize the environmental factors and strategies presented in the DB. Korean case studies of circular economies from Gyeonggi and Jeju provinceswere analyzed based on the framework, and we compared the results withother cases in the DB. This study also investigated performance indices formonitoring the status of regional circular economies, and suggested a new setof indices to reflect the sustainability perspective. Based on the comparisonbetween Korean cases and those from foreign countries, we suggestedadditional measures for the future regional circular economy in Korea.

2020-12-31
[20-07] Psychological and Social Capital in Korea: The Current State and Strategy for Education
P.I : Sung Moon-ju et al.

This study aimed to explore mid- to long-term strategies by suggestingpotential policy approaches centered around the field of education in orderto develop the psychological and social capital of society. To this end, thisstudy diagnosed levels of psychological and social capital at the individuallevel and derived potential policy approaches as educational interventionsthat can help to promote the levels of psychological and social capital basedon the results of the diagnosis.By definition, psychological capital involves a positive developmental stateof individuals with high self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and resilience(Luthans et al., 2004). Social capital connotes intangible capital that isderived from social relations and benefits both individuals and the public(Kim Hee-sam, 2017, p. 22).The data were collected from 1,016 people aged from 19 to 69 years old inKorea using the Gallup online panel. Existing measures were employed toassess the levels of the components of psychological capital (i.e., hope,self-efficacy, resilience, and optimism) and social capital (i.e., interpersonaltrust, public trust, norm, participation, and social network). The data wereanalyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and one-wayANOVA. The results of this study showed that the mean of resilience was the lowestamong the components of psychological capital, and the means ofparticipation, social support network, and public trust were lower than theother components of social capital. Also, the correlation analysis indicatedthat most of the variables were positively correlated with the others. In addition, the results demonstrated that there were significant meandifferences in several components of psychological and social capitalaccording to one’s income level, parents’ education and income levels inadolescence. This study proposed potential education policy in the areas of primary andsecondary education, post-secondary education, and lifelong education andhuman resource development according to the individual's life cycle in orderto develop psychological and social capital. These suggestions includedpromoting more systematic parental education as lifelong educationprograms with high accessibility, designing and implementing various studentevaluation methods and criteria based on designing valuing systems insecondary education, and strengthening educational welfare fordisadvantaged students in both secondary and post-secondary education.

2020-12-31
[20-08] Digital Transformation and its Implications for Growth and Income Distribution: Policy Implications for Reshaping the Innovation Policies
P.I : Yeo Yeong-jun et al.

There have been few studies that quantitatively investigate the opportunities and risk factors driven by digital transformation. In addition, there has been a lack of quantitative research that estimates the impacts of policy interventions to resolve potential problems in the future digital transformation era. Against this background, this study attempts to explore the intrinsic characteristics of digital transformation-led technological changes. In addition, this study explores the long-run impacts of digital transformation on the socioeconomic system in terms of economic growth, employment, and distribution, using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The results show that digital transformation has the potential to accelerate routine-biased and capital-biased technological changes. In this regard, we have found that economic growth driven by digital transformation disproportionately increases relative demand for capital and non-routinized cognitive tasks over routinized tasks. This shift in the value-added composition is found to have the potential to deepen income inequality, as higher income groups benefit from greater tasks premiums and capital earnings. Furthermore, the quantitative findings suggest that the promotion of the dynamic interaction between digital transformation-led technological change and lifelong learning may alleviate the potential risks induced by technological changes. Based on these findings, this study attempts to redefine the role of innovation policy in making a successful transition to the digital transformation era.

2020-12-31

Brief Report

[National Future Strategy Insight] One Year with COVID-19: How Did People’s Lives Change? No. 12
P.I : Heo Jong-ho

Associate Research Fellow Heo Jong-ho investigated the changes that came to the Korean people in terms of “Changes in jobs and income,” “Changes in family relationships,” “Changes in the awareness of value and actions related to infectious disease prevention and control,” and “Changes in health.” The findings identified the damage experienced by the people from COVID-19, especially by the vulnerable groups. It predicted that if the pandemic is to go on, there will be greater socioeconomic inequality. In terms of “Changes in jobs and income,” among the respondents aged 20 and over, 5.5% experienced a change in jobs such as layoffs or closures of business. Among the 5.5%, 55.6% were female and 44.4% were male. Of the total respondents, 19.6% answered that their income decreased, and the amount of decrease of monthly income was KRW 795,000 on average. Although 88.2% of employees (who receive income from an employer) did not experience a decrease in income, 61.2% of those who were self-employed responded that their incomes decreased, and 9.7% of self-employed responded that their monthly incomes decreased by at least KRW one million in average. In terms of “Changes in family relationships,” 14.8% of the respondents said that their family relationships became better after COVID-19. However, for households in Seoul metropolitan area, public assistance recipient households, and one-person households, family relationships became worse rather than becoming better. For “Changes in the awareness of value and actions related to infectious disease prevention and control,” 69% of the respondents agreed that it is necessary to sacrifice some aspects of daily life to prevent the spread of the virus. Among the respondents, 55% agreed that those who were infected with the virus were at fault for being so, and 63.2% agreed that it is necessary to disclose information on the movements of those confirmed to have the virus. The percentages of those living in Seoul metropolitan area who agreed with the three statements were approximately 3%-7% lower than those of those not living in Seoul metropolitan area. For “Changes in health,” 16.6% of the respondents said that they became healthier after COVID-19. It was also noted that the percentage of one-person households who took action to stay healthy was approximately 1%-5% lower than that of other households. The percentage of females who are at high risk of depression was 10% lower than that of males, 19% of the respondents aged 20 and older said that they reduced smoking, whereas 6.9% responded that they smoked even more. Smoking was reduced more for females than for males (Male 18.6% vs. Female 24.2%). Of the respondents, 13.0% answered that they reduced drinking by 1.6 times a week on average. The percentage of males who responded that they reduced drinking was 2.5 times greater than that of females, and 22.0% of those aged 20 and over responded that they reduced drinking. The study was conducted by the research team of the National Assembly Futures Institute last year, and was based on the responses related to COVID-19 in the “Survey of Happiness of the Korean People” conducted on 14,000 males and females aged 15 and over from all around the country. Dr. Heo stated that “at an international level, the numbers suggest that Koreans are relatively less miserable, but the results still pointed to the serious impact from COVID-19 that hit vulnerable groups the hardest. Also, there is concern regarding potential greater socioeconomic inequality,” and advised that “there should be evidence-based policies for not only infectious disease prevention and control, but also regarding socioeconomic inequalities that stem from COVID-19.”

2021-02-16
[National Future Strategy Insight] An Investigation into and Future Challenges regarding Education Policies to Expand Psychological and Social Capital, No. 11
P.I : Sung Moon-ju

[National Future Strategy Insight] An Investigation into and Future Challenges regarding Education Policies to Expand Psychological and Social Capital, No. 11 Associate Research Fellow Sung Moon-ju presented challenges related to education policies to expand “psychological capital,” healthy and positive psychological states of individuals, and “social capital,” intangible capital that comes from the social relationships between people and lead to individual or public benefits in her report. After identifying the current levels of psychological and social capitals of the members of society, it was found that it is necessary to improve the levels of both types of capital. Particularly, levels of resilience, participation and networking, and public trust were especially low, and so it was concluded that these levels must be significantly improved. In terms of the low-income, it was found that the state must actively intervene to improve the levels of psychological and social capitals. The role of university education to expand psychological and social capitals also needed to be strengthened. Based on these findings, the report listed the following challenges in relation to education policies: implementation of various types of evaluation methods and evaluation criteria for elementary and middle school education, and the separation of student evaluation at the classroom level and at the national level; increase of the opportunities for students to participate in developing national elementary and middle school education curricula and decision making processes of schools in terms of the education curriculum; development of a program to improve the level of psychological capital for university students at the university level; increase of the accessibility and the number of programs for adults to improve resilience; and establishment of an education organization that strengthens intangible social learning. Dr. Sung stated that “in order to achieve the national goal of securing national competitiveness and improving the quality of life of the citizens with innovative growth, there must be a greater perspective on capital,” and added that “to expand the capitals that come from human capabilities, it is necessary to comprehensively consider not only human capital, but also psychological and social capital and find a balance among them. This will make it possible to achieve the country’s goals.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2021-01-20
[National Future Strategy Insight] A Survey on the Future Values of Koreans, No. 10
P.I : Min Bo-gyeong

Min Bo-gyeong, the head of the Quality of Life Group, conducted a “Survey on the Future Values of Koreans” to identify the values of younger Korean generations and predict the future Korean society. According to the National Future Strategy Insight No. 10, most of the participants predicted that the future will be hopeful, but the level of happiness of individuals will be similar to the one in the present. It was found that the elderly and low-income groups had a less hopeful outlook for the future. Although the participants expected that the future will be fairer than the present, they also expected that there will still be serious conflicts. Accordingly, it was highlighted that there must be preemptive measures to address potential future conflicts. In terms of comparison and analysis among different generations, it was found that younger generations considered leisure to be more important than older generations, and they also had less of a sense of duty regarding work. In addition, younger generations preferred a more autonomous and fulfilling life, and considered new challenges important. Lastly, younger generations were highly accepting towards new ideas about the family and scientific technology such as companion animals and human robots. Accordingly, future strategies should take into account these characteristics. For the “Survey on the Future Values of Koreans,” the research team of the National Assembly Futures Institute defined younger generation to be those currently in their teens and twenties. These findings were based on a survey of 5,321 men and women aged 13 and over living in Korea as of 2020 to identify implications for future policies. Dr. Min stated that “in order to derive national future strategies that define and realize a harmonious common idea of the future that reflects the various values of the citizens, there must be an understanding of the values of the citizens,” and explained that “this study helps to detect and predict the trend of values by conducting a survey on future values, and was designed to predict potential future issues and the future Korean society, and to fulfill the values of younger generations who are different from older generations.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2021-01-07
[National Future Strategy Insight] Social Changes after the Global Pandemic, No. 9
P.I : Park Seong-won, Kim You-bean

Park Seong-won, the head of the Innovative Growth Group, and Kim You-bean, the head of the Research Support Office, identified unprecedented social changes stemming from COVID-19. Some of the many changes are related to radical social finance policies, greater inequality, risks to women and the vulnerable groups, area closures, depression, domestic violence, remote education, digital transformation, climate change, animal welfare, and human-animal interactions. These are some changes that were identified by the researchers at the National Assembly Futures Institute to discover the social changes that occurred since the global pandemic based on a keyword network analysis of SCOPUS DB (Social Sciences) which has the most data on academic journals. The research team analyzed the perspectives of various scholars on the social changes that occurred as a result of infectious diseases since 2000, including SARS, the swine flu, MERS, and COVID-19. After investigating the unique issues for each period, it was found that during SARS, there was not only an economic shock, but also psychological changes with regard to resilience, social stigma, and psychological anxiety. During the swine flu, there was a focus on the scientific analysis on the spread of the disease with big data and simulations, and there were also discussions on a system to monitor the animals that were the cause of the disease. During MERS, it was possible to identify the spread of information on the disease with the cooperation between the citizens and the government, and also on social media. The research team mentioned that in order to respond properly to the COVID-19 pandemic, there should be rapid treatment of the disease and vaccine development, an efficient international cooperation system to spread treatments and vaccines, detailed analysis of the effects of the responsive policies, and continuously fine tuning of the policies. Also, it is necessary to secure the people’s trust towards the government to make them cooperate, as well as deriving future-oriented regulation policies. Dr. Park and Dr. Kim explained that “the issues regarding the global economic system that is vulnerable to sudden changes, crisis response governance, distrust in the government, infringement of personal rights and freedom, extreme psychological anxiety, poor international policy cooperation, and the fundamental causes of zoonotic infectious diseases that result in environmental destruction and the poor responses to climate change are issues that have always been present since SARS in 2002. There must be an innovative approach to resolve such issues.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2020-12-24
[National Future Strategy Insight] An Analysis on the Ripple Effect of Digital Transformation on Korea’s Economic Society and Political Insights, No. 8
P.I : Yeo Yeong-jun

[National Future Strategy Insight] An Analysis on the Ripple Effect of Digital Transformation on Korea’s Economic Society and Political Insights, No. 8 Yeo Yeong-jun, an Associate Research Fellow at the National Assembly Futures Institute, predicted that with a rapid digital transformation, there may be economic growth based on the growth of digital transformation-based industries, but in terms of income distribution, income inequality may become greater. That is to say, expanding government investment to drive digital transformation will accelerate the change in the industrial structure to be more focused on digital capital-intensive industries based on industrial linkage. This will definitely lead the future growth of the Korean economic society. On the other hand, with digital transformation, it was predicted that there will be relatively less jobs and opportunities for middle-skill workers to obtain economic benefits, as digital transformation technology is closely linked to non-routine tasks of high-skilled workers. A wider gap within the labor market will lead to greater household income inequality, which will result in decreased inclusivity in the digital transformation era. Accordingly, it was stated that future innovative policy initiatives in the digital transformation era should be based on the understanding of the propensities of digital transformation technology. In particular, the innovative policy initiatives should include the guarantee and support of various types of learning activities including the up-skilling, re-skilling, and creative learning of human resources within the innovation system. The report analyzed the effects of digital transformation, otherwise known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution, on the future Korean economic society in areas of calculated effects by industries, creating added value, and creating and distributing household income. It then identified the potential risks and opportunities presenting themselves to the Korean economic social system in the digital transformation era. Dr. Yeo stated that “in order to execute a major shift to a successful innovative system with digital transformation, organizational culture, labor-management relations, relationship between the education system and industries, and the like, must be completely reset towards a direction to seek creative learning experiences,” and mentioned that “based on the major findings of this research, it may be said that the purpose and vision of the future innovative policies in the digital transformation era should be focused on setting up an environment that strengthens learning capabilities and spreads the ripple effects of education.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2020-12-10
[National Future Strategy Insight] Responses to the Effects of Climate Change and Suggestions – Focused on Quantitative Comparisons on National Research Policies, No. 7
P.I : Kim Eun-ah

[National Future Strategy Insight] Responses to the Effects of Climate Change and Suggestions – Focused on Quantitative Comparisons on National Research Policies, No. 7 Kim Eun-a, an Associate Research Fellow of the National Assembly Futures Institute, identified Korea’s preparation for the future effects of climate change in terms of ① Research ② Administration policies, and ③ Legislative policies in her study on the establishment of response strategies to climate change for the future society, a major task of 2020. After analyzing related literature and texts, she defined vulnerable areas as those that lack in quantity and identified such vulnerable areas as the following categories: the movements of different species, public health policies, stable energy supply, and transportation systems. With seminars on such topics with experts, she identified research topics and policy agendas that must be complemented to “increase the level of preparation for the future” in terms of the effects and consequences that stem from climate change. In terms of the movements of different species and public health policies, she pointed out that climate change is considered relatively less important in relation to such policies. There should be basic research on the effects of the movements of species on urban residents and the indirect effects of climate change on health, and the results may be used for communicating with the public to bring about a change in awareness. The suggested policy agendas mostly used the top-down method that brings about change under the leadership of the government, including support policies and institutionalization. In terms of stable energy supply and transportation systems, it was commonly pointed out that the current policies were focused on energy sources or electricity suppliers based on the current amount of demand for electricity or energy. She stated that there should be policies that are based on future predictions related to changes in lifestyle that result from social changes brought about by circumstances such as COVID-19, and that energy policies and urban planning should be implemented to complement one another. The suggested policy agenda should be formulated in such a way as to design an urban space that can reduce the demand for energy and increase energy efficiency, to modify the price of electricity and fuel needed to effectively use market mechanisms, and to set up various systems. Dr. Kim stated that “climate change is a global megatrend that can affect the lives of the people in various ways and will continue on for many more years,” and mentioned that “there should be a well thought out preparation plan at the national level for the mid- to long-term effects on various areas of human life.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2020-11-25
[National Future Strategy Insight] The Citizens’ Choice to Switch to a Conservation and Distribution Society, No. 6
P.I : Jung Young-hoon, Park Seong-won

Jung Younghoon, a former National Assembly Futures Institute researcher, and Park Seong-won, the head of the Innovative Growth Group, conducted a survey on the citizens’ preference on future policies to realize an ideal future in October, following the deliberative poll on the public’s ideal future society in 2050 they had conducted last year. The survey suggested two policy alternatives for 11 topics including energy production and consumption, means of transportation, response to global infectious diseases, basic income and basic wealth systems, new labor environment including platform labor, and diversifying family types, and then asked the citizens for their choices to realize an ideal future. In summary of the public’s choices for each policy alternative, it was shown that the citizens think that (large) cities need changes rather than rural areas, and that the private sector should be at the center of change, rather than the government. What was interesting was that when it comes to resolving conflicts, the citizens preferred the government or the National Assembly to be responsible rather than the private sector. In terms of energy switch, response to infectious diseases, punishment for hate crimes, and family types, citizens preferred more of a gradual change than a radical change. In terms of welfare policies, the citizens preferred policies that cover everyone, including the current generation and the future generations, instead of focusing on particular age groups or social class. ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2020-11-19
[National Future Strategy Insight] A New Way to Derive National Strategies in Response to the Aging Society, No. 5
P.I : Kim Hyeon-gon

President Kim Hyeon-gon of the National Assembly Futures Institute has suggested six new ways to derive national strategies in response to the aging society in No. 5 of the “National Future Strategy Insight.” ▼ First, he suggested that rather than keeping with the elderly support policies, there should be a shift in paradigm to an independent aging society considering the fact that anyone can become an elderly person who lives a long life. ▼ Second, he stated that considering the fact that the public actively looks forward to the positive aspects of the future, while seeking to ignore negative possibilities, there should be a ‘Scrooge Strategy’ with regard to the aging society. ▼ Third, there should be a way for the elderly to come together for discussion and design national strategies in response to the aging society for themselves. ▼ Fourth, there should be a national health and physical activity program to which the elderly can actively contribute, leading to more possibilities for the elderly to contribute to society. ▼ Fifth, in order to make sure that the elderly can participate in valuable work and activities after retirement, there should be a national compulsory re-education system for the middle aged and the elderly. ▼ Lastly, there should be a data-based national strategy in response to the aging society by collecting all past data related to aging to analyze the fundamental issues and causes of the aging society in Korea, along with related trends and patterns, to solve the fundamental issues associated with the aging society. President Kim stated that “aging is not simply a change in the demographic structure or change in life expectancy, but more of a fundamental change of the life model,” and emphasized that “with a shift in paradigm in the 21st century, we must have new, different responses that are different from the ones that we have taken in the past.” ※ “National Future Strategy Insight” is a brief-type in-depth research report issued every other week to present national future strategies for Korea based on the analysis of major future issues by the research fellows of National Assembly Futures Institute.

2020-11-12