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The National Assembly Futures Institute publishes reports that predict and analyze the changes in the future environment based on a comprehensive perspective, and derive mid- to long-term national development strategies in consideration of the preferences of the citizens
(23-02 Series Report) Future response policy: Medium to long-term strategy for Population change and government

Date : 2023-12-31 item : 23-02 Series Report P.I : Min Bo-gyeong

(23-02 Series Report) Future  response  policy:  Medium  to  long-term strategy for Population change and government

Previously  unexperienced  demographic  changes,  such  as  population decline and rapid aging, are presenting new challenges for South Korea. Are we adequately prepared for the future amid these rapid changes? Is the government effectively addressing these issues from a medium to long-term perspective? This study aims to examine the government's medium to long-term  strategy  related  to  population  changes  and  derive  insights  by investigating  policies  related  to  elderly  health,  defense  personnel, immigration, and regional policies for population decline.

In examining the policies for an aging society and elderly health, the study finds that national-level medium to long-term plans provide fundamental policy directions for establishing a healthy and humane aging society and can be linked to indicators for future society response. Looking into population decline and defense personnel policies, the study observes that the basic defense reform plan can be influenced by changes in administration and the target of maintaining a standby military force size of 500,000 in the mid-term defense plan is practically challenging to achieve.

Regarding  population  decline  and  immigration  policies,  a  significant portion of the budget is being used for multicultural family support, while policy considerations for foreign laborers and other related aspects have been inadequate. An examination of regional policies for population decline reveals that they primarily focus on economic aspects in responding to population decline, highlighting the need for a more multifaceted strategy.

While it is possible to link the government's medium to long-term strategies through a framework of indicators for future society response, it is also necessary to establish a more detailed and multi-dimensional framework for evaluating government policies. From the perspective of long-term future readiness,  it  is  essential  to  strengthen  the  government's  planning  and systematic approach in allocating budgets related to population changes, such   as   population   decline   and   aging.   Furthermore,   establishing a mechanism for monitoring the national medium to long-term strategy at the legislative level is required.