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The National Assembly Futures Institute publishes reports that predict and analyze the changes in the future environment based on a comprehensive perspective, and derive mid- to long-term national development strategies in consideration of the preferences of the citizens
(23-10 Research Report) Futures strategies based on indicators 2023

Date : 2023-12-31 item : 23-10 Research Report P.I : Min Bo-gyeong

(23-10 Research Report) Futures  strategies  based  on indicators 2023

To address complex and uncertain social challenges entangled in various stakeholder  interests  within  a  volatile  policy  environment,  rational decision-making based on scientific and objective data is required.  The  National Assembly, as the representative body of the people and the ultimate decision-making institution for national policies, is expanding its role. As such, there is a need to provide data-driven empirical analysis materials from a medium to long-term perspective to support the activities of the National Assembly in examining national policies. This study aims to construct a comprehensive and specific indicator system that can be easily understood and  perceived  by  the  public  to  diagnose  and  empirically  analyze social changes. This will enhance the resilience and preparedness of future society. Specifically, it seeks to assess whether our society is adequately prepared and responsive to demographic mega-trends such as low birth rates, population aging, and changes in population structure, and then to subsequently derive policy implications.

Given the world's lowest birth rates, an aging society, and demographic changes, demographic factors have a long-term and wide-ranging impact on society, necessitating strategies for preparation and response. While demographic changes in South Korea may have negative implications for maintaining  the  current  economic  and  social  system,  there  are  also opportunities that can bring about new societal changes. A smart-growth society envisions a prosperous future that develops the economy and society through technological and institutional innovations. In the era of an aging population, digital accessibility and capabilities for the elderly are gradually improving through technology and institutional innovation, but the level of digital information literacy among the elderly remains low, confirming the need for policy support. Looking at indicators for a sustainable and secure society  reveals  that  the  utilization  rates  of  childcare  facilities  and kindergartens  are  on  the  rise,  and  greenhouse  gas  emissions  and the proportion of renewable energy generation have improved compared to the previous year. Examining indicators related to a cooperative society that respects  diversity  shows  that  the  gender  inequality  index  has  decreased internationally.

Examination  of  future  society  response  indicators  confirms  that the establishment of sub-indicators for youth, the elderly, women, and others is necessary for formulating strategies to address population-related issues such as low birth rates and population aging. Regular management plans for the indicator system for future society, as derived from this study, need to be established. To achieve this, it is necessary to develop a roadmap for setting future  vision,  deriving  core  strategies,  and  identifying  key  monitoring indicators through a specific process and at specific intervals.