[20-13] Research on ROK’s Diplomacy in International Organizations Achievements, Limitations, and Suggestions for Improvement -Case studies of UN PKO, UN Security Council, IMF, WHO, and UNDP- 이미지
This research is a critical but comprehensive assessment of South Korea's multilateral diplomacy through inter-governmental organizations or IGOs. Grounded in the principal-agent model, a series of case studies was carried out in key areas of diplomacy such as security, economy, health, and development, with a focus on the UN PKO, UN Security Council, IMF, WHO and UNDP. In particular, the research attempts to highlight both the achievements and limitations the diplomacy has displayed, and to present solutions designed to overcome such limitations. In the area of security, the research notes ever-growing participation in UN PKO, and two-time entries into non-permanent membership in UNSC as major achievements. Both a greater contribution to the IMF bail-out fund and participation in global financial governance are considered major achievements of Korea in the global economy. Regarding global health governance, Korea’s preventive response to novel infectious diseases has been identified as its major contribution, while a sharp increase in ODA has been considered a major breakthrough Korea has made in the global developmental regime. But the research points out that Korea’s diplomacy in the above-mentioned areas still suffers from a lack of further financial contribution, the negligible role of the National Assembly in the diplomacy and the relative ignorance of foreign affairs among the Korean public. Accordingly, the research suggests that the Korean administration, notably the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, must work more with the National Assembly over the issue of increasing contribution in international organization and oversight of its activities, and convince the Korean public to show a greater concern for foreign affairs.
Key Words: South Korea, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Intergovernmental Organization (IGO), Principal-Agent Model, UN PKO, UNSC, IMF, WHO, UNDP, National Assembly, Korean public