[20-2] A Study of Korea’s Happiness Map:Examining Regional Contexts 이미지
The purpose of this study is to examine regional conditions related to happiness and derive policy implications, in order to enhance Koreans’ capacity for happiness.
This study was carried out through the following steps. First, we presented a system of happiness indicators to aid in the understanding of the multidimensional concept of happiness. We also introduced an evaluation index that examines happiness levels. We then gathered opinions from experts on the happiness indicator system established in 2019 to measure happiness in South Korea.
Second, a happiness map of Korea was created through the establishment of public statistical data and integrated analysis methods. Spatial analysis showed that spatial correlation was relatively large in the proportion of green space, pollution, Basic Living Security recipients, leisure welfare facilities for older adults, and cultural infrastructure. In other words, these indicators tend to be concentrated around a particular region; there are regional differences because the indicators have a deep connection with neighboring regions, and therefore form clusters.
Third, local case studies were conducted to derive happiness strategies within a regional context. Various local researchers provided case studies focusing on specific policies regarding the quality of life and well-being of local residents. This study proposes implications for a happiness measurement methodology and measures to enhance happiness as a future strategy.
Through this study, we hope that the 2019 happiness indicator system will become more objective and create synergies in the area of happiness research suitable for local contexts, through collaboration with research institutes at the municipal and provincial level.