Dr. Cha Jung-mi, the Director of Center for International Strategy, has alleged that 4.0 Industry innovation is changing the future warfare and the focus of global arms race between grate powers, especially centering on military application of artificial intelligence
Amid the U.S.-China hegemony and 4.0 Industry, the technology-security fusion and the industry-national defense fusion are being rapidly intensified, as emerging technologies such as A.I. and space technology are dual-purpose technologies with both commercial and military uses.
This study focused on a technological factor, i.e. emerging technologies in the era of 4.0 Industry, the prospect of future wars driven by changes in the international order due to the rise of China, and the military responses of the U.S. and China, with detailed analysis of global arms race between U.S. and China from the technological deterministic perspective that A.I. will be a game changer for the future hegemony, especially regarding military application of A.I., military innovation and warfare innovation ecosystem.
4.0 Industry global arms race is not limited to competitive acquisition of military capability anymore – it is supported in terms of technological hegemony. Emerging technologies designed by the private sector are reshaping the warfare innovation ecosystem with military-civil fusion, which is a system that simultaneously fulfills the economic and military purposes of accelerating technological innovation and increasing military personnel and material. Dr. Cha paid attention to the possibility of further intensification of the A.I. arms race between the U.S. and China.
“Korea also needs to seek to establish our own military technology innovation ecosystem where military-civil cooperation can exert synergy as well as preparation for future wars,” explains Dr. Cha. “The government, military, industry, academia, and laboratory should have a discussion on ways to build an effective ecosystem beyond mere benchmarking, given that the U.S. and China are building their respective innovation ecosystems based on social and political bases.”